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Why is it important to follow guidelines in news selections?

By Tan Tze Yin tadalafil 20mg (BMCC 201502)

The rise of news values was identified by the two Norwegian scholars, Johan Galtung and Mari Ruge by doing their research on the international news of Norwegian papers. They have identified twelve news factors in order to determine the newsworthiness of a news piece; the values are sildenafil viagra difference frequency , threshold , unambiguity, meaningfulness , consonance , unexpectedness , continuity, composition , reference to elite nations, reference to elite people , references to persons, reference to something negative( Galtung and Ruge ,1965 : 65-68). These factors actually helps the gatekeepers to pin down which stories contains more valuable information and omit anything which is unnecessary. According to Fowler(1991:13),a lot of media platform choose to follow the factors introduced by Galtung and Ruge (1965) as canadian pharmacy pink viagra news selection criteria as these factors are rather more cultural than natural and also a widely accepted analysis of news factors.

Although Galtung and Ruge provided a concrete guidelines for the gatekeepers in news selection, it has its own limitations too. It has also raised a lot of criticisms by many scholars like media experts and linguists. According to Hall, although news values are neutral and a daily routine to practice of , media people need to look into the ideological news value too, besides looking into formal news only (which outlined by Galtung and Ruge) , for instance, to examine the hidden ‘deep structure’ of the news piece rather than focusing on the surface (Watson,2016 : 141).

Due to the criticisms towards Galtung and Ruge’s twelve viagra and diabetes type 2 news factors, the news factors was revised by Harcup and O’Neil. They concluded although Galtung and Ruge provided a solid foundations in news selection, however, both of them actually ignored day to day bread and butter kinds of news, which are more domestic(Harcup and O’Neil, 2001 : 265). Therefore, Harcup and O’Neil(2001:279) revised the twelve news order viagra or cialis online values to ten news values to make it more contemporary and relevant. The ten news values are the power elite, celebrity, entertainment, surprise, bad news, good news, magnitude, relevance, follow-up and newspaper agenda(ibid). The revised version of news values provide a

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more reliable and trustworthy of methodology in news selection and reveal the ideology of a news story rather than focusing on the formal only.

So, why is it so important to follow the guidelines in news selections? From editorial stances and publisher stances, the utmost important for that particular news is that it sells. Not to mention the arising of different types of newspaper and tabloids in the millennium era, the invasion of the internet technology has severely impact the sales growth of a lot of publications that work on print (Sullivan, 2006). The online news nowadays are being updated every one to five minutes, these occurrence have led to another vigorous competition among the publishers. In order to survive, they must be the first among other competitors to broadcast so called “Breaking News” to grasp the instant attention from the readers. But whether it is being reported ethically, it is indeed a very subjective topic to discourse with.

In conclusion, although news values are very useful in news selection, it is a tool which is limited analytical and critical. Therefore, a professional media people should always think critically and analytically by going behind a story to find out more rather than merely following the format of the news values.


Fowler, Roger. (1991) Language in the News: Discourse and Ideology in the Press. London: Routledge.

Galtung , Johan. and cialis kaina Ruge,Mari H (1965) ‘The Structure of Foreign News’, Journal of Peace Research, 2(1), pp.64-91.

Harcup, Tony. cost of daily cialis at walmart and O’Neill,Deirdre (2001) ‘What Is News? Galtung and Ruge revisited’, Journalism Studies, 2(2), pp.261-280.

Sullivan, Patricia. (2006) As the Internet Grows Up, the News Industry Is Forever Changed. Available at: (Accessed: 25 February 2016).

Watson, James. (2016) Media Communication: An Introduction to Theory & Process.4th Ed. London: Palgrave.

Tze Yin is a year 2 BMCC students who majoring in Public Relations. She is an avid reader and passionate about anything related to feminism topics. She buy generic cialis believes in gender equality and believes that what does cialis do women have a major impact on the global economy.



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